FREQUENCY OF DISEASES PRESENTING IN ENT OPD AT AYUB TEACHING HOSPITAL ABBOTTABAD
Introduction: Patient presents with ear, nose and throat diseases in ENT OPD to otolaryngologist/ENT specialist. ENT diseases are serious public health problems because of their universal distribution the morbidities which they cause due to inherent physiological function that take place in head and neck region. Objectives of our study were to know frequency of ENT diseases in patients presenting at ENT OPD at Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad.
Methods: A cross sectional study was done in Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad from December 2015. to August 2016. Patients presenting at ENT OPD of Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad were selected for study. Data about their ENT problems and concerned information were collected from them through well structured questionnaire. Data after collection was entered and analysed using SPSS-16.
Results: The minimum age is 1 and maximum age is 80 years. Out of total 250 patients, 129 (51.6%) were males and 121(48.4%) were females, majority of patients 181 (72.4%) were from Abbottabad and majority of patients 165(66.0%) were poor. The most common cases in ENT OPD were bilateral ear wax 15.2% followed by acute otitis media 13.2% and allergic rhinitis 13.2%.
Conclusion: It is concluded from our research that most common problems of ENT disorders are bilateral ear wax, allergic rhinitis, acute otitis media, chronic supporative otitis media and deviated nasal septum. The most common causes are infection, poor hygiene and poor nutrition.
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