PLACING A THREADED PLUG IN THE HOLE OF A LOCKING PLATE AT THE FRACTURE LEVEL CAN INCREASE THE RESISTANCE OF THE PLATE:A BIOMECHANICAL STUDY
Objectives:This study aimed to evaluate whether placing a threaded plug in the hole of a locking plate at the fracture level is beneficial for increasing the resistance of the plate.
Methods:This experimental study analyzed load and compression forces in sheep tibia bone models. The following groups were assessed: Group 1 (n= 4), control bone samples; Group 2 (n= 4), samples of screw plate fixation without threaded plug in the hole at the fracture level; and Group 3 (n= 4), samples of screw plate fixation with a threaded plug in the hole at the fracture level. Elastic force, bending moment, elastic compression, and rigidity were evaluated using a three-point bending test.
Results:Group 1 showed the greatest elastic force and the least amount of compression. The rigidity and elastic force were better in Group 3 than in Group 2. The mean elastic force in Group 3 was 22.4% of that in Group 1, whereas the mean elastic force in Group 2 was 19% of that in Group 1. Rigidity in Group 3 was 24.7% of that in Group 1, whereas rigidity in Group 2 was 18.3% of that in Group 1. Improved results were obtained in Group 3 when compared with Group 2.
Conclusions:Our results suggest that placing a threaded plug in the hole of the plate at the fracture level provides additional rigidity and stability by improving resistance to loading forces, but the differences were not statistically significant.
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