Fadilj E Skrijelj, Mersudin Mulic


Introduction: Arteriovenous malformations of the brain include a group of congenital disorders in the early development of arterial-venous blood vessels of the brain. Their clinical presentation is most common in the form of a brain hemorrhage, epileptic seizures, and headaches.

Case report: We showed a man who at the age of 28 early in the morning after breakfast had the first generalized tonic-clonic seizure. After the second unprovoked epileptic seizure, antiepileptic therapy was introduced. The brain scanner showed the existence of arteriovenous malformations in the right frontoparietal region. As the size of the malformation was less than 30mm, it was decided that the patient should be treated with Gamma knife radiosurgery. After the successful radiosurgery together with the antiepileptic drugs treatment, the patient is in a stable 1.5 year- long remission of epileptic seizures without neurological failures.

Conclusion: Epileptic seizures can be the initial clinical manifestations of arteriovenous malformations of the brain. With an early diagnosis, adequate antiepileptic drugs therapy and neurosurgery, radiosurgery (Gamma Knife), which is often necessary, many symptomatic epilepsies enter a stable remission of epileptic seizures.


arteriovenous malformations, brain, epileptic seizures, radiosurgery, gamma knife

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24125/sanamed.v14i3.330


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