PULMONARY THROMBOEMBOLISM AND ROLE OF FACTOR V LEIDENIN ITS DEVELOPMENT-REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality, and for as much as twenty-five percent of PE patients the primary clinical appearance is unexpected death. Diagnosis of PE is based on clinical suspicious at first, but sometimes its diagnostics can be extremely difficult. Newly increased interest in an inherited thrombophilic states has been provoked by the discovery of several common inherited abnormalities, i.e. the prothrombin (PT) gene G20210A, Factor V Leiden (FVL) mutation (Arg506Gln), hyperhomocystenemia and homocysteiuria, Wein-Penzing defect, Sticky Platelet Syndrome (SPS), Quebec platelet disorder (QPD) and Sickle Cell Disease (SCD). PE incidence rates increase in recent years. The only explanation at this moment is increased awareness of PE, especially after any kind of surgery, immobile state or unexplained shorthness of breath.
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