Fadil Esref Skrijelj, Mersudin Mulic


Introduction: Occipital lobe epilepsies are rarely met in clinical practice, but when occurring they can be misdiagnosed as migraine-like headache. Their prevalence ranges from 5% to 10% of all epilepsies.Seizures can occur at all age; etiologically they can be symptomatic, cryptogenic and idiopathic (most often onsetis in childhood). Clinical symptomatology is manifested by partial epileptic seizures in the sense of visual elementary and/or complex manifestations, palinopsia, amaurosis, tonic head deviation, bulbus, nistagmus and headache. Propagation discharge to neighboring areas (temporal, parietal and frontal) is a frequent occurrence appearing with complex partial seizures frequently finishing with secondary generalized tonic-clonic (GTC) seizures. Case report: We are presenting a17-year-old male patient who has suffered from attacks of visual problems with headache since 10 years of age. All the time it is treated as a migraine headache. During the last attack of headache the patient also had a loss of consciousness, EEG that was performed for the first time evidenced epileptic discharges of the occipital area.The therapy also included treatment with antiepileptic drug pregabalin resulting in seizure withdrawal. Conclusion: The appearance of visual symptoms followed by headache is most frequently qualified as migraine triggered headache. However, when antimigraine therapy does not give favorable results epileptic headache should be suspected, with obligatory performance of EEG recording. Occipital lobe epilepsy often presents diagnostic dilemmas due to clinical manifestations that are similar to that of non-migraine headache.


headache, migraine, epilepsy, occipital epilepsy, dilemma, diagnosis, EEG recording.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24125/sanamed.v11i3.141


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