EFFECTIVENESS OF COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT PARAMETERS FOR PREDICTING INTRACRANIAL INJURY IN CHILDREN WITH MINOR HEAD TRAUMA
Objective: We aimed to investigate the relationship between trauma severity and platelet indices (PI) and white blood cell (WBC) count to identify traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children with minor head trauma (MHT). Materials and methods: This prospective study included children with acute isolated MHT who underwent head computed tomography (CT) based on Pediatric Emergency Care Research Network (PECARN) criteria. Mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), MPV to platelet ratio (MPV/PL), MPV to white blood cell ratio (MPV/WBC), and MPV to Neutrophil ratio (MPV/Neu) were evaluated.
Results: 86 children with MHT and 245 controls were included the study. WBC, Neu count, MPV, MPV/WBC, MPV/Neu and MPV/PI ratios were statistically different among patients with abnormal CT, patients with normal CT and healthy controls (p<0.05). For predicting abbreviated injury score (AIS) > 1, the AUC values of WBC, neutrophil, MPV/WBC and MPV/Neu were 0.746, 0.739, 0.726 and 0.724, respectively.
Conclusion: In children with MHT who underwent CT, WBC, Neu counts, MPV/WBC and MPV/Neu ratios may be helpful for predicting the severity of trauma in pediatric emergency department.
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